Uzbekistan's Constitution features norms on ensuring environmental rights of citizens, Boriy Alikhanov
Uzbekistan is paying particular attention to eliminating the consequences of the Aral Sea problem. In particular, afforestation works continue on more than 2.5mn hectares of the dry area of the Aral Sea, Chairman of the Senate Committee for Development of the Aral Sea Region and Ecology Boriy Alikhanov has told media, Turkmenistan's 'News Central Asia' reported on March 23.
As per the article, the new edition of Uzbekistan's Constitution features special norms on ensuring the environmental rights of citizens; in particular, everyone has the right to a comfortable environment and reliable information about its condition; the State takes measures for improvement, restoration, and protection of the environment, maintaining the ecological balance, preserving of the environmental system of Aral Sea Region.
'This constitutional norm is enshrined in the Development Strategy of New Uzbekistan to achieve goals such as increasing the share of renewable energy sources by 25% by 2026 and reducing the number of harmful gases emitted by industries by 10% in exchange for renewable energy capacity of 15,000 MW by 2030.
Today, when natural resources are being depleted, and global climate change threatens the future of humanity with environmental and biological problems, these standards are essential.
To ensure citizens' environmental rights and prevent harmful environmental effects, the State will create conditions for public control in urban planning.
The environment is a crucial factor affecting human health and life. According to the UN, human health depends on the State of the environment 20-40%. Today, when global problems threaten the future of humankind, a comfortable environment is becoming increasingly important. Therefore, this problem is widely discussed in many developed countries, and new environmental protection norms are included in the constitutions.
It is vital to reduce environmental damage. In particular, the ecological damage from construction in some of our cities and villages exceeds the established norms. Since, in recent years, our country has turned into a vast construction arena, measures have been taken to strengthen public control in urban planning activities to ensure citizens' environmental rights and prevent the harmful effects of structures on the environment.
By expanding public control, this norm strengthens the constitutional guarantees of maintaining a comfortable and ecologically clean area for our compatriots and future generations, providing a comfortable environment for the reliable protection of public health.
In addition, the State takes measures to protect and restore the ecological system of the Aral Sea Region, as well as the Region's socio-economic development.
The global environmental problem in the Aral Sea Region harms the way of life of about 50mn people. Therefore, Uzbekistan is paying particular attention to eliminating the consequences of the Aral Sea problem. In particular, afforestation works are being carried out on more than 2.5mn hectares of the dry area of the Aral Sea.
Along with this, large-scale projects aimed at protecting the complex ecological situation of the Region, protecting its population's gene pool, improving their health, and ensuring sustainable development in the area are being implemented.
This norm of the new edition of the Constitution ensures the creation of decent living conditions for the inhabitants of the Region and significant improvement in the standard of living. Furthermore, the package of additional benefits will be extended to all professions, primarily to the representatives of the social sphere. At the same time, business structures and non-governmental, non-profit organizations will have an opportunity to participate in various environmental protection projects actively', the publication says.
The article reads that this norm creates constitutional guarantees of maintaining a comfortable and ecologically clean area for the population and future generations, providing social and economic support to people living in the Aral Sea Region, and reducing unemployment.