In a significant address at the 28th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP28) in Dubai, UAE, the President of Tajikistan, Emomali Rahmon, highlighted the country’s vulnerability to climate change and its commitment to sustainable practices.
President Rahmon began by acknowledging the country’s susceptibility to climate change.
The Republic of Tajikistan, with 93% of its territory is mountainous, is one of the most vulnerable countries to the effects of climate change and annually faces floods, landslides, avalanches and other water-related natural disasters.
He emphasized the financial and human toll these disasters take on the nation each year. To combat these challenges, the Government of Tajikistan is implementing the National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change for the period up to 2030. The President called for international financial assistance to achieve the objectives of this strategy, which include capacity-building and the introduction of green technologies.
Despite Tajikistan’s small contribution to global greenhouse gas emissions, the country is a leader in green energy production. The country plans to double its capacity to produce green energy as part of its commitment to promoting a green economy.
Tajikistan produces 98% of its electricity from hydroelectric power plants and ranks sixth in the world in terms of the percentage of ‘green energy’ generation from renewable sources.”
The Government of Tajikistan has adopted and is implementing the “Green Economy Development Strategy” for 2023-2037. This strategy aims to effectively use natural resources, attract investment, and introduce green technologies into the economy.
The President also highlighted the country’s efforts to ensure food security through the rational use of water, land, and modern technologies to improve the efficiency of the agricultural sector.
Addressing the issue of water degradation, President Rahmon noted the rapid melting of glaciers, particularly in Tajikistan, which is the source of 60% of the water resources in the region. He announced that Tajikistan has taken the initiative to declare 2025 as the “International Year of Glacier Conservation” and establish the "International Trust Fund for the Conservation of Glaciers".
President Rahmon reaffirmed Tajikistan’s commitment to developing cooperation in the implementation of the global water and climate agenda. He expressed hope that the international community would contribute to the timely implementation of other goals and commitments related to water, especially the results of the Second UN Water Conference.