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On September 16, the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization discussed the Organization’s activity and prospects that resulted in signing the final document of the event - the Samarkand Declaration.

The participants adopted a total of 44 documents - agreements, concepts, programs and other decisions which is a record indicator in the organisation's history. Such as:

  • On the comprehensive action plan for the implementation of the provisions of the agreement on long-term good neighbourliness, friendship and cooperation of the SCO member states in 2023-2027;
  • On the concept of the SCO member states on the development of interdependence and the creation of effective transport corridors;
  • On the regulation on the honorary title of "Ambassador of Good Will of the SCO";
  • On the "roadmap" for gradually increasing the share of national currencies in mutual settlements of SCO member states;
  • On the signing of the memorandum on the obligations of Iran to obtain the status of a member state of the SCO;
  • On starting the process of admitting the Republic of Belarus to the SCO membership;
  • On granting the status of a dialogue partner of the SCO to the Republic of Maldives, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, and Kuwait;
  • On declaring the city of Varanasi (India) as the tourism and cultural capital of the SCO in 2022-2023;
  • On signing a memorandum between the SCO Secretariat and the UN (UNESCO) on Education, Science and Culture;
  • Reports of the SCO General Secretary on the organization's last year's activity and the 2021 activity of the Council of the SCO Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure;
  • On cancelling the validity of the decisions of the SCO Council of Heads of State;

 

 Decisions were made to improve the activities of the SCO.

  • on response actions to climate change;
  • on ensuring reliable, stable and diversified supply chains;
  • on ensuring global food security;
  • statements on ensuring energy security were accepted.

 

In addition, the following documents were signed during the event:

  • Memorandum on obligations of Iran to obtain the status of a member state of the SCO;
  • Agreement on cooperation in the field of tourism between the governments of the SCO member states;
  • Fundamentals of partnership between SCO member states in the field of trade in services;
  • Memorandum on cooperation between the competent bodies of the SCO countries in the field of museum work;
  • Agreement on cooperation between the competent bodies of the SCO countries in the field of plant quarantine;
  • Cooperation program of the SCO countries in the field of using renewable energy sources;
  • The infrastructural development program of SCO countries;
  • Program for the promotion of industrial cooperation between business circles of SCO countries;
  • SCO program for the development of digital literacy;
  • Cooperation program of the SCO member states on the development of artificial intelligence;
  • "roadmap" on cooperation between the medical organizations of the SCO member states in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases;
  • Action plan for scientific and technical cooperation in priority directions between SCO member states (in 2022-2025);
  • Joint action plan for the development of intra-regional trade in the SCO;
  • Concept of cooperation of SCO countries in the field of telemedicine;
  • Concept of cooperation of SCO countries in the field of "smart" agriculture and introduction of agro-innovations;
  • Memorandum between the secretariats of the SCO and the League of Arab States;
  • Memorandum of Understanding between the Secretariat of the SCO and the United Nations (UNESCO) on Education, Science and Culture;
  • A memorandum of understanding and other documents were signed between the Secretariat of the SCO and the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESKATO).

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