The shallowness of the Caspian Sea has reached a critical level, raising concerns among experts who warn of the potential for an ecological disaster, as reported by 24.kz reports.
The decline in the Caspian Sea's level was anticipated four decades ago, with scientists attributing it to the impacts of climate change, such as increasing temperatures, droughts, and reduced river flow. The northern part of the sea, situated in the Atyrau region, is witnessing evident consequences, including the idleness of a port that once managed 15,000 tons of cargo annually for the past three years. Coastal villages are grappling with the repercussions, causing distress among residents.
"Urgent measures should be taken. The local population is already suffering from the shallowness of the Caspian Sea. Villagers are facing a sad fate. They are not only losing fishing, but the dust rising from the seabed has a negative effect on the health of the population," warned Jauken Koshenov, an environmental activist.
To address these concerns, a scientific research institute is being established under the Ministry of Water Economy, bringing together specialists in various fields, including ichthyologists, biologists, and hydrogeologists. The institute aims to study the Caspian Sea's problems, examining marine flora and fauna while investigating the causes of marine animal fatalities.
There is a growing public apprehension that the fate of the Aral Sea may be replicated in the Caspian Sea if immediate action is not taken. Residents in the region are eagerly awaiting concrete steps from the government to tackle the issues associated with the Caspian Sea's shallowness. Experts propose a revision of water-use legislation, advocating for strengthened citizens' rights to water in the updated version of the Water Code.